Coat care Moulting Whatever the nature of the dogs coat, the hair dies, grows and is renewed. Dogs living outside undergo moulting twice a year (spring and autumn)...

Coat care

Moulting
Whatever the nature of the dogs coat, the hair dies, grows and is renewed. Dogs living outside undergo moulting twice a year (spring and autumn) corresponding to a change in brightness. Dogs living indoors are less exposed to variations in light: they lose their hair all year round, with two more significant periods in spring and autumn. Daily maintenance by brushing and bathing helps rid the coat of dead hair. Depending on the nature of the hair, the frequency and the material are different.

Short hair
Even if short hair does not require regular maintenance, brushing once or twice a week is necessary. Using a rubber bristle brush removes dandruff and dead hair. To remove these impurities, pass a bristle brush in the direction of hair growth all over the dogs body. Brushing will be complete when the coat is shiny with a damp chamois.

The short and hard coat
Due to the density of the coat (existence of fluff coat and blanket coat), the dog must be brushed every other day. Pass a carder against the grain to remove the maximum amount of hair and dead cells and to thicken the pile hair. A bristle brush passed in the direction of the hair growth removes all of the previously detached elements.

A comb with large teeth can be used on the hair of the tail and legs. The coat of hard-haired dogs should be thinned 4 to 5 times a year with a thinning knife. It removes dead hair caught between the knife and the thumb. This hair removal is not painful if done correctly, pulling in the direction of hair growth.

Long hairs
Long hairs look great but require daily brushing. For Afghan Greyhounds, for example, it can take up to an hour a day. Brushing in the direction of hair growth with a carder removes knots and fluff hairs. Due to the length of the hairs, the skin can be pulled by untying the knots; you have to do it gently so as not to hurt the dog.

For silky-haired dogs (Yorkshire terrier, Afghan hound, etc.), the use of a bristle brush allows the coat to be shiny.

For dogs with abundant undercoat (Scottish Colleys ...), impurities can be removed with a wire brush.

A comb with large teeth ends up untangling the hairs behind the hocks. A pair of scissors makes it possible to equalize the length of the coat and eliminate the hairs which will most often form knots and keep impurities (hocks, chest, interdigital spaces and pads). After each use, the instruments must be cleaned and stored in a dry place. To prevent the metal brushes from rusting, wipe them well and rub them with a cloth coated with vegetable oil.

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