Whatever the size, the dog needs to go out at least twice a day. For small breeds, three half-hour outings are sufficient; for large dogs, they should be much longer (about an hour). They allow the dog to carry out its needs and to let off steam. It must therefore be able to walk in places without too much risk for him (far from traffic lanes, for example) and where he is accepted without a leash. Every weekend, a long two-hour walk will allow the dog to really break its daily rhythm in parks or forests where it will meet a new environment and other fellows!
These exercises will obviously be modulated according to the age of the dog: a young puppy will require many short outings while elderly or sick dogs will be satisfied with hygienic walks twice a day. Upon return, the dog must be systematically inspected.
In summer, it is especially important to check that the pads have not been damaged by any sharp or sharp object (brambles, pieces of glass ...). It is also necessary to check that a spikelet has not entered the interdigit spaces. Originating from grasses, and therefore from the majority of prairie plants, the spikelets appear in the form of microscopic harpoons which are stuck in the tissues they meet and create serious lesions. In winter, if the dog has walked in snowy places, the risk of cracking of the pads is high due to the aggressiveness of the salts deposited on the roads. It is then necessary to rinse the legs with lukewarm water.
They are the favorite place for spikelets. These must then be removed from the ear canal (if they have already arrived) with tweezers. This delicate maneuver is often painful, a visit to the veterinarian is easy in this case.
In summer, if the dog likes to bathe, it should be rinsed. Whether in a river or in sea water, particles settle on the dogs coat and can be irritating. Careful rinsing removes these particles. The coat may be soiled with tar. Do not try to remove it with petroleum products which are highly toxic. You just need to coat the stains with vegetable oil and give the dog a bath after having waited a few minutes so that the oil dissolves the tar particles.
In winter, it is possible to cover the dog with a coat if it is too cold. However, most dogs can withstand the rigors of winter quite well (apart from naked dogs) and, if they are used to being covered, they will be less able to go out again without a coat.
There are several very simple ways to check the integrity of the various external organs and to keep it.
It must be moist and fresh at all times of the day. However, it may dry up when the dog sleeps; she must then shumidify again when she wakes up.
There is no need for special care: any presence of crusts, cracks or large or muco-purulent discharge is the sign of ailments that the veterinarian must inspect.
The oral cavity
The lips must be clean and relatively airtight. Depending on the breed, they can be drooping or not. It is then necessary to watch for the appearance of cracks or redness (especially in the German Shepherd, with fragile skin).
The teeth should be white and have a minimum of tartar. Dogs are rarely cooperative in handling the mouth; it would be good to get the puppy used to it.
The gums must be pink: any red border on the edge of the teeth is pathological and reveals a painful inflammation which can cause a drop in the dogs appetite, because the latter can no longer catch or chew food. p>
Teeth cleaning is therefore necessary. It can be done in different ways. The most effective is the use of a toothbrush and toothpaste specially designed for the dog; brushing should be done several times a week. Then there are palatable tablets that release active ingredients when the dog crunches: they are interesting in dogs that do not tolerate brushing. Finally, it is always possible to give the dog objects made of buffalo hide or cartilage: this natural "chewing gum" slows down the formation of tartar by its mechanical action on the teeth when the dog chews.
However, from a certain point, these methods will no longer be effective: only descaling and the implementation of antibiotic treatment by the veterinarian will manage to control the emerging infection and the inconvenience caused by an abundant tartar.
The eye should be bright, moist, and the mucous membranes pink. No discharge should be visible at the inner corner of the eye.
It is quite possible to clean the dogs eyes every day with an eye solution. To do this, raise the dogs head, open the upper eyelid and place a light spray in the eye. The surplus that drips is recovered by a compress. Two precautions must be taken: in order not to frighten the dog, the bottle must be approached from the rear. Pay attention to the expiration date of the solution used as well as its shelf life: indeed, these solutions are easily contaminated and therefore lose their effectiveness.
There are two types of ears in dogs: drooping or erect. The drooping ears must be inspected more often: in fact, the closure of the external auditory canal by the pavilion does not allow good ventilation of the canal. The nature of the hair on the ear (long, curly, short ...) is also important.
The external auditory canal must therefore be clean, and there must be no presence of hair.
Ear cleaning should be done regularly. For drooping ears, it can be done once or twice a week, and once every fortnight for straight ears. For this, you must use a solution suitable for the dogs ears. The process is as follows: we push the tip into the duct (there is no risk of perforation of the eardrum due to the L shape of the duct), we then instill a jet of the product, we remove the tip, we massage the base of the ear for 30 seconds and finally wipe the duct with a piece of cotton or a compress without pushing them in.
Long-haired dogs often have hair on their ears. Earwax therefore hardly removes. You have to epilate your ears.
The genitals and lanus
Regular monitoring of the male and female genital organs makes it possible to check their cleanliness: any presence of discharge must be checked by a veterinarian.
Lanus must be clean and show no signs of diarrhea.
There are two types of claws in dogs: those of the lugs and those of the fingers. The growth is continuous and the normal activity of the dog must be able to ensure the abrasion of the claws of the fingers. If this is not the case (the claws then make noise when the dog walks), they must be cut with a claw cutter. It is however necessary to preserve the integrity of the blood vessels which are at their base: the light claws thus reveal a pink triangle by transparency. These vessels can be recognized by the marks they leave below the black claws. In both cases, cut under the marks.
It is possible that the dog is bleeding: it is then necessary to apply hydrogen peroxide or a hemostatic pencil. A small bandage can protect the wound for an hour.
The technique is the same for the pins. These are often covered with hair: they should not be forgotten because, if they sincarnate, they become painful and cause sores.
Cohesive bandages for the ears Cohesive bandages for the ears
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